copper matte processing diagram

Copper Smelting — An Overview | SpringerLink

Dec 20, 2013· Investment costs for copper smelter projects have risen substantially in recent years, and there are a number of factors which must be taken into account when considering a new smelting facility or modernizing an existing operation. Recent developments in copper smelting are reviewed with particular reference to the newer smelting processes. Criteria for process selection, the impact of …

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Cu-Pb Phase Diagram & Computational Thermodynamics

Phase Diagrams & Computational Thermodynamics. ... "Thermodynamic Calculation of Phase Stability Between Copper and Lead-Indium Solder", Applications of Thermodynamics in Synthesis and Processing of Materials, Eds. P. Nash and B. Sundman, TMS, Warrendale, PA, 1995, 171-185:

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Lecture 20 Smelting Contents - NPTEL

Matte smelting What is Matte What is Slag Industrial copper smelting Exercise is matte smelting References Key words: Matte smelting, Flash smelting,Reduction smelting Preamble Smelting is a unit process for pyro metallurgical extraction of metal in which gangue minerals are separated from the metal in …

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Study of Industrial Copper Matte Converting Using ...

May 07, 2020· The converting of copper matte after the smelting process is one of the main steps in the copper-making industry. This work used microstructural analyses of samples collected at different stages of converting and thermochemical calculations to study a real converting batch in a Peirce-Smith converter at Atlantic Copper. The transformation of matte and slag produced during the converting …

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Copper extraction - Wikipedia

Copper extraction refers to the methods used to obtain copper from its ores.The conversion of copper consists of a series of physical and electrochemical processes. Methods have evolved and vary with country depending on the ore source, local environmental regulations, and other factors.. As in all mining operations, the ore must usually be beneficiated (concentrated).

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Smelting furnaces - SlideShare

Aug 29, 2011· Smelting Furnaces By Dr. Bharati Rehani Metallurgical and Materials Engg. Dept. M.S.University of Baroda

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Copper matte - slag reaction sequences and separation ...

1.3 Thermodynamics of Copper Matte-Slag Interactions in Flash Smelting Thermodynamically, the matte-slag reactions in the smelting process are best described through the phase diagram by Yazawa and Kameda [30], shown in Fig. 1. In relation to the presence of copper in the system, Hidayat et al. [3] have studied the equilibrium of the

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Copper: smelting, producing and classification-Metalpedia

Pyrometallurgy usually adopts original ore, in which its content can reach 20%-30% after mineral processing. Copper concentrate is put into an airtight blast furnace, reverberatory, electric furnace, or flash furnace for matte smelting. The output of molten matte is then put into the converter for converting into a blister copper, and next into ...

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ISACONVERT™ – Continuous Converting of Nickel/PGM …

287 matte tap-hole and, depending on downstream refinery requirements, the matte may be either granulated or slow-cooled. Figure 1: Process Block Diagram for the Nickel/PGM ISACONVERT™ Process Slag would be tapped through a separate tap-hole and returned to the primary

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Primary Metal Production

A given metal can reduce the oxides of all other metals whose lines lie above theirs on the diagram. For example, the 2Mg + O 2 ==> 2MgO line lies below the Ti + O 2 ==> TiO 2 line, and so metallic magnesium can reduce titanium oxide to metallic titanium.

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An Overview of Copper Smelting in Southern Africa

The ancient Cypriots pioneered pyrometallurgical processing of copper, using the surrounding forest to supply energy for the process, and adding fluxing materials from areas close to the mines. Later, tin was found in the Iberian Peninsula, and it was possible to produce a copper–tin ... producing blister copper from crushed matte.

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Copper mining. The main stages.

Copper mines are only set up where there is more than 5kg of copper per tonne of rock (0.5% by mass). Ideally, the figure should be closer to 2%. The flow chart shows you how copper is extracted from its ore and converted into pure metal.

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12.3 Primary Copper Smelting

Converting the matte yields a high-grade "blister" copper, with 98.5 to 99.5 percent copper. Typically, blister copper is then fire-refined in an anode furnace, cast into "anodes", and sent to an electrolytic refinery for further impurity elimination. Roasting is performed in copper smelters prior to charging reverberatory furnaces. In roasting,

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What Is Copper Smelting? (with pictures)

Feb 23, 2021· Copper smelting is the process of separating copper metal from the rock in which it is naturally embedded by melting it. This is accomplished through a series of several processing steps. The term copper smelting may refer to this melting step in particular or it may refer somewhat less formally to the entire process overall.

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OUTOTEC FLASH SMELTING TECHNOLOGY

Outotec Direct Blister Flash Smelting for copper With this process, blister copper is produced directly in a flash smelting furnace without the need for separate converting phases and ladle transportation. This method opens up the possibility to use different raw materials and optimize plant layout while minimizing capital investment,

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OVERVIEW OF PGM PROCESSING - Anglo American Platinum

• Process mixed low grade conc. matte converting • Refractory conc. penalties: c. 15% MgO, 2-6% Cr 2 O 3 • High temperature capability > 1400°C • Mixed low grade, solid • Refractoriness capability (0.5-5% Cr 2 O 3) • High process temperature capability > 1300°C • Sulphur fixation • Whole/Slow-cool matte …

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COBALT PROCESSING DEVELOPMENTS K G Fisher Bateman ...

smelting to produce a PGM-bearing nickel matte which is shipped to specialist refineries using hydrometallurgical processes to recover the nickel, copper, PGMs and cobalt. There are many such refinery processes including: • ammonia leach, e.g. the Sherritt-Gordon process …

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Extraction Of Copper | Mining, Concentration, Smelting ...

The copper extracted from this process is mixed with the slag and is called Matte Copper due to its texture and appearance. This mainly consists of Cu2S which is reduced to pure metal by blasting Matte Copper with air. (Cu^{2}S + O^{2} → 2Cu + SO^{2}) The sulphur dioxide escapes the copper and this causes bubbles to appear and burst as SO2 ...

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Converting of Copper Matte - ResearchGate

When performing properly, continuous processing solves many of the problems created by more traditional copper smelting technology, most notably the elimination of ladle transfer of molten matte ...

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From Ore to Finished Product - Copper

Copper - From Beginning to End. Copper is a major metal and an essential element used by man. It is found in ore deposits around the world. It is also the oldest metal known to man and was first discovered and used about 10,000 years ago. And as alloyed in bronze (copper-tin alloy) about 3000 BC, was the first engineering material known to man.

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Chapter 6 Copper Production Technology

discovered that heat made copper more malle-able. Casting and smelting of copper began around 4000-3500 B.C. (see figure 6-2). About 2500 B. C., copper was combined with tin to make bronze—an alloy that allowed stronger weapons and tools. Brass, an alloy of copper …

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diagram of the processing of copper

Describe Processing Of Copper Using Flow Diagram. Flow diagram copper extraction process. Copper Mining and Extraction Sulfide Ores Place these products in the extraction process in ascending order of copper content Use the flow chart as a guide Matte Ore Cathode copper Blister Anode copper Copper concentrate Fire refined copper Use a periodic table to find the atomic masses of the …

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Copper Mining and Production Processes Explained

Processes: copper mining and production. Copper is found in natural ore deposits around the world. This page explains copper mining: the production route taken from ore-containing rock to a final product that is the highest-purity commercial metal in existence and used in a wide variety of applications essential to modern living.

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Explain the process of electrolytic refining of copper ...

A thin strip of pure copper metal is dipped as cathode . Now,elcetricity is passes through the setup and in this process, Impure copper from the anode dissolves and goes into CuSO4 solution and pure copper from the copper sulphate solution gets deposited on the cathode . This is how a pure copper metal is produced at cathode.

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